Jack Russell Terrier and Parson Russell Terrier Dog Breed
The origins of the Jack Russell Terrier, also known as Parson Russell and Russell Terrier are believed to trace back to Reverend John “Jack” Russell (1795-1883), who was a parson and hunting enthusiast in England. The breed descended from the hunting terriers of the late 18th and early 19th centuries and was developed by the reverend to flush foxes from their underground holes. They were then further developed in Australia as a companion dog.
Jack Russells are usually highly energetic, vocal, fearless, lively, inquisitive and intelligent. They need lots of exercise and mental stimulation to keep destructive behaviours at bay. They are generally highly trainable and excel at tricks, agility, and other activities that exercise both the mind and body.
Although commonly associated with short smooth coats, it is not uncommon for the breed to sport rough or broken coats as well. They are predominantly white with brown/tan and black markings.
Although popular as a city dog, Jack Russell Terriers have need exercise and play, and are unsuited to families that do not have an understanding of their athleticism. They love to run, dig, jump, fetch and chew. Lots of training, attention, supervision and structure required.